Critical Consciousness for Inquiry and Critique: The DAPP Tool

Critical Consciousness for Inquiry and Critique: The DAPP Tool cover
January 2022
Sharon I. Radd

The DAPP (Difference & Dissonance, Assumptions, Power, and Patterns) Tool is intended to help educators, leaders, teams, schools, districts, education agencies, and other organizations to engage in the type of critical reflection necessary to build critical consciousness, and undertake more equitable and just actions, toward learning, planning, and change. More specifically, we look to see how power aligns with various dominant socio-cultural identities to advantage persons with those identities, and disadvantage and exclude those without them.

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